K-6 Science & Technology

Science and Technology develops students’ skills in thinking, investigating and problem-solving. It gives them knowledge and skills in scientific investigation, design and applied technology. This subject builds on the curiosity children have about their natural and built environments.

Primary Connections

Salamah College implements Science through ‘Primary Connections’ units of work. The program is based on an innovative teaching and learning approach that links science with literacy, uses cooperative learning, embeds assessment with teaching and learning, and follows an inquiry process including student-planned investigations. Research has demonstrated that the program improves teachers’ confidence, self-efficacy and practice, students’ learning, and the status of science within schools. Primary Connections uses an inquiry-orientated teaching and 5Es learning model to enable students to participate in cooperative learning to develop explanations for their hands-on experiences of the Science phenomena.

5E Learning Model:






In Kindergarten

  • design and make simple plans to show things such as their house and toys
  • show how things move by push and pull actions
  • talk about the different needs and wants of animals and sort models or pictures according to needs and wants
  • talk about their environment, including features such as clouds, weather and day and night
  • talk about how they can look after their environment
  • talk about different forms of energy and identify its use in daily life


Some Year 1 and Year 2 examples

  • observe patterns and suggest possible explanations, eg observing, recording and classifying vehicles passing the school, and creating a class graph
  • observe and record the changes in a living thing such as a deciduous tree over a season or the growth of seeds to sprouts
  • explore magnets and their properties
  • talk about how living things depend on their environment
  • observe animal life, eg ants, silkworms


Some Year 3 and Year 4 examples

  • observe and report on a local environment, eg a park, beach or wetland
  • design and make models using sticks, timber, cardboard, bark, glue and fabric. Models might include an early settler’s hut, an underwater world or a space world
  • describe how plants and animals rely on each other in a ‘mini environment’, eg a park, the playground or a lake area
  • research and record phases of the moon over time and propose explanations as to why it changes


Some Year 5 and Year 6 examples

  • use simulation software on the computer, eg to create a model city
  • study different rock types and crystals using technology
  • research the cause and effect of natural disasters, eg an earthquake or cyclone
  • learn about energy and energy transfer, eg ice to liquid and liquid to steam
  • evaluate proposed building designs for items such as a bridge or a house for the future
  • use a water-testing device to test water quality in a local waterway and study the water cycle
  • learn how an electrical circuit works
  • learn how gears work for machines, eg bicycles and clocks

Salamah College
40 Hector Street
Chester Hill NSW 2162
P: +61 2 8760 1000
E: admin@salamah.nsw.edu.au
Al Amanah College
Bankstown Campus
2 Winspear Avenue
Bankstown NSW 2200
P: +61 2 9708 1220
Liverpool Campus
55 Speed Street
Liverpool NSW 2170
P: +61 2 9822 8022
E: admin@alamanah.nsw.edu.au
Glenroy Private
93 Daley Street
Glenroy VIC 3046
P: (03) 9306 7988
E: admin@glenroyprivate.vic.edu.au