Background Information

The National Assessment Program conducted by MCEETYA has gathered information from these different tests in order to monitor student progress over time.

The data from these test results gives schools and systems the ability to compare their students’ achievements with national benchmarks and with student achievement in other States and Territories.


What is NAPLAN?

The National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) commenced in Australian schools in 2008. All students in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 are assessed annually using common national tests in Reading, Writing, Language Conventions (Spelling and Grammar), and Numeracy.

Questions are either multiple-choice or require a short written response. The Writing task requires students to write a persuasive text (letter/exposition).

NAPLAN Analysis

NAPLAN results are reported using five scales, measuring student achievement from Year 3 through to Year 9. These reporting scales apply to each of the Years 3, 5, 7, and 9 and are accompanied by descriptions of the skills and understandings typical of students at various proficiency levels along each scale.

The NAPLAN scales are constructed so that any given score will represent the same level of achievement within a domain over time.

The use of common scale that spans Years 3, 5, 7, 9 allows both the status of, and growth in, student to be monitored and reported across the years of schooling from Year 3 to Year



The reporting scales are divided into 10 bands to cover the full range of student achievement observed in the tests, mapping the increasing complexity of the skills assessed by NAPLAN.

Six of these bands are utilised for reporting student performance at each year level:

Year 3 reports show Bands 1 to 6

Year 5 reports show Bands 3 to 8

Year 7 reports show Bands 4 to 9

Year 9 reports show Bands 5 to 10


National Minimum Standards

For each year level and for each domain in literacy and numeracy the National Minimum standard is defined and located on the common underlying scale:

Year 3 – Band 2

Year 5 – Band 4

Year 7 – Band 5

Year 9 – Band 6


Helping Your Child Prepare for NAPLAN

Home environment- study room

Homework practice


Excel Revise in a Month’-NAPLAN

Test materials from past years, sample questions and a sample Writing task can be accessed on the NAPLAN website:

Parents and carers can best assist students by making them feel comfortable about the nature and purpose of the tests. Their children can be assured that the assessments will give them an opportunity to show what they have learned in class.

NAPLAN Home Environment

Key factors to be highlighted by parents

  • Motivation
  • Encouragement
  • Easing Pressure
  • Importance of NAPLAN results to shape future teaching (Analysing Data)
  • Help by older sibling(s) or other adult(s)
  • Pleasant language


How to Answer Multiple Choice Questions

General Comments for Students

Solve the problems you can do first.

Don’t waste too much time on any problem.

Try to solve the problem using smaller numbers.

Go back and try those you left out.

Give an answer to every problem as no marks are taken off if your answer is incorrect.


Persuasive Writing Structure


◦      Students need to state their argument or statement of position clearly and concisely

◦      Students should give a clear opinion in the introduction and give themselves authority.

◦      Use language that is appropriate to the audience

◦      Use phrases such as:

–  I strongly believe

–  It is evident in many ways…

–  Without a doubt

◦      Students may use quotes

When a student states their argument in the introduction, they should give a clear reason and then keep refer ring to it throughout the whole exposition.


Where you explain your first idea/argument/point
* Topic sentence that introduces your idea
* Sentences that elaborate on the point (including examples)
* Final sentences summarises information/links to overall argument

Body Paragraph 2
* Where you explain your second idea/argument/point
* Topic sentence that introduces your idea
* Sentences that elaborate on the point (including examples)
* Final sentences summarises information/links to overall argument

Body Paragraph 3
* Where you explain your third idea/argument/point
* Topic sentence that introduces your idea
* Sentences that elaborate on the point (including examples)
* Final sentences summarises information/links to overall argument

What Are The Ideas/Points?

The ideas are the 3 points students will refer to.

The ARGUMENT or Statement of Position is their thesis – the one that they will keep linking their ideas to.

For example:

◦ Homework will assist students to achieve higher results (argument)

◦  By practising questions, students will revise and therefore homework will help achieve higher results. (Idea 1 linked to the argument)

◦ Regular homework will keep students’ minds active and the extra work done from home will help achieve higher results. (Idea 2 linked to the argument)

◦ By doing homework every night, students will know what they need to ask their teachers if they need help and this will ultimately improve their results. (Idea 3 linked to the argument)


Students should re-state their argument.

Briefly review their main ideas and how they support the argument.


Persuasive Writing Criteria

The ten criteria are:



The writer’s capacity to orient, engage and persuade the reader


Text structure

The organisation of the structural components of a persuasive text (introduction, body and conclusion) into an appropriate and effective text structure



The selection, relevance and elaboration of ideas for a persuasive argument


Persuasive devices

The use of a range of persuasive devices to enhance the writer’s position and persuade the reader




The range and precision of contextually appropriate language choices



The control of multiple threads and relationships across the text, achieved through the use of referring words, ellipsis, text connectives, substitutions and word associations



The segmenting of text into paragraphs that assists the reader to follow the line of argument


Sentence structure

The production of grammatically correct, structurally sound and meaningful sentences



The use of correct and appropriate punctuation to aid the reading of the text



The accuracy of spelling and the difficulty of the words used


Numeracy Sub-Categories

Five Sub categories in Numeracy:

  1. Number

  2. Patterns & Algebra

  3. Measurement

  4. Data

  5. Space & Geometry


Numeracy NAPLAN Test Format:

  1. Calculator (Only in High School)

   2. Non – calculator (in both learning stages)

   3. Multiple Choice Questions

   4. Short Answer (Write in space) Questions


Numeracy Key Factors:

  1. Practicality

   2. Skills

   3. Content

   4. Computational ability

   5. Referencing to normal everyday situation


How Will The NAPALN Test Results Be Used?

Students and parents may use individual results to discuss achievements and progress with teachers.

Teachers use results to help them better identify students who require greater challenges or additional support.

Schools use results to identify strengths and weaknesses in teaching programs and to set goals in literacy and numeracy.

School systems use results to review programs and support offered to schools.

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